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Book of Philemon

Introduction to the Book of Philemon

By

Book of Philemon

The Apostle Paul sending his letter to Philemon.

British Library / Robana via Getty Images

Book of Philemon:

Forgiveness shines like a brilliant light throughout the Bible, and one of its brightest spots is the tiny book of Philemon. In this short personal letter, the Apostle Paul asks his friend Philemon to extend forgiveness to a runaway slave named Onesimus.

Neither Paul nor Jesus Christ tried to abolish slavery. It was too entrenched a part of the Roman Empire. Their mission was to preach the gospel. Philemon was one of those people saved by that gospel, in the church at Colossae. Paul reminded Philemon of that, as he urged him to accept the newly converted Onesimus back, not as a lawbreaker or his slave, but as a fellow brother in Christ.

Author of the Book of Philemon:

Philemon is one of Paul's four Prison Epistles.

Date Written:

Approximately 60 to 62 A.D.

Written To:

Philemon, a wealthy Christian at Colossae, and all future readers of the Bible.

Landscape of Philemon:

Paul was imprisoned in Rome when he wrote this personal letter. It was addressed to Philemon and to the other members of the church at Colossae who met in Philemon's house.

Themes in the Book of Philemon:

Forgiveness is a key theme. Just as God forgives us, he expects us to forgive others, as we find in the Lord's Prayer. Paul even offered to pay Philemon for anything Onesimus had stolen.

• Equality exists among believers. Although Onesimus was a slave, Paul asked Philemon to consider him the same as him, a brother in Christ. Paul was an apostle, an exalted position, but he appealed to Philemon as a fellow Christian instead of a church authority figure.

Grace is a gift from God, and out of gratitude, we can show grace to others. Jesus constantly commanded his disciples to love one another, and that the difference between them and pagans would be how they showed love. Paul requested that same kind of love from Philemon, which runs contrary to our human instinct.

Key Characters in Philemon:

Paul, Onesimus, Philemon.

Key Verses:

Philemon 1:15-16
Perhaps the reason he was separated from you for a little while was that you might have him back forever--no longer as a slave, but better than a slave, as a dear brother. He is very dear to me but even dearer to you, both as a fellow man and as a brother in the Lord. (NIV)

Philemon 1:17-19
So if you consider me a partner, welcome him as you would welcome me. If he has done you any wrong or owes you anything, charge it to me. I, Paul, am writing this with my own hand. I will pay it back--not to mention that you owe me your very self. (NIV)

Outline of the Book of Philemon:

• Paul commends Philemon for his faithfulness as a Christian - Philemon 1-7.

• Paul appeals to Philemon to forgive Onesimus and receive him as a brother - Philemon 8-25.

Old Testament Books of the Bible (Index)
New Testament Books of the Bible (Index)

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