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Who is the Holy Spirit?

A Bible Study on the Person of the Holy Spirit

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This look at the person of the Holy Spirit is Part I of our topical Bible study series on the Holy Spirit. In Part II, you will learn more about the divine works of the Holy Spirit. The series is intended to simplify your study and help you better understand what the Bible says about doctrines such as the Trinity, the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit, and other subjects related to the Holy Spirit.

The Holy Spirit is a Person

The Holy Spirit is included in the Trinity, which is made up of 3 distinct persons: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The following verses give a beautiful picture of the Trinity in the Bible:
    Matthew 3:16-17
    As soon as Jesus (the Son) was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God (the Holy Spirit) descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven (the Father) said, "This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased." (NIV)
    Matthew 28:19
    Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, (NIV)
    John 14:16-17
    And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor to be with you forever-- the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you. (NIV)
    2 Corinthians 13:14
    May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all. (NIV)
    Acts 2:32-33
    God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear. (NIV)

The Holy Spirit has the Characteristics of Personality:


• The Holy Spirit has a Mind:
    Romans 8:27
    And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints in accordance with God's will. (NIV)

• The Holy Spirit has a Will:
    1 Corinthians 12:11
    But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills. (NASB)

• The Holy Spirit has Emotions:
    The Holy Spirit grieves:

    Ephesians 4:30
    And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. (NIV)

    Isaiah 63:10
    Yet they rebelled and grieved his Holy Spirit. So he turned and became their enemy and he himself fought against them. (NIV)
    The Holy Spirit gives joy:

    Luke 10: 21
    At that time Jesus, full of joy through the Holy Spirit, said, "I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this was your good pleasure." (NIV)

    1 Thessalonians 1:6
    You became imitators of us and of the Lord; in spite of severe suffering, you welcomed the message with the joy given by the Holy Spirit.

Continue to Page 2: More Attributes of the Person of the Holy Spirit.

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